Monday, September 13, 2021
The above Quanta article mentions
"Maryna Viazovska’s 2016 discovery of the most efficient
ways of packing spheres in dimensions eight and 24."
From a course to be taught by Viazovska next spring:
The Lovasz reference suggests a review of my own webpage
Cube Space, 19842003.
See as well a review of Log24 posts on Packing.
Friday, September 3, 2021
From the post "Games" of Jan. 31, 2021 —
“Once Knecht confessed to his teacher that he wished to
learn enough to be able to incorporate the system of the
I Ching into the Glass Bead Game. Elder Brother laughed.
‘Go ahead and try’, he exclaimed. ‘You’ll see how it turns out.
Anyone can create a pretty little bamboo garden in the world.
But I doubt the gardener would succeed in incorporating
the world in his bamboo grove’ ” (P. 139).
— Hermann Hesse, The Glass Bead Game (Magister Ludi) .
Translated by Richard and Clara Winston ( London, Vintage, 2000).
Saturday, August 28, 2021
Geometry for Jews continues.
The conclusion of Solomon Golomb's
"Rubik's Cube and Quarks,"
American Scientist , MayJune 1982 —
Related geometric meditation —
Archimedes at Hiroshima
in posts tagged Aitchison.
* As opposed to Solomon's Cube .
Comments Off on Solomon’s Super* Cube…
Sunday, February 21, 2021
“Before time began, there was the Cube.”
— Hassenfeld Brothers merchandising slogan
Comments Off on Cube Woo
Tuesday, December 29, 2020
“Before time began, there was the Cube.”
— Hassenfeld Brothers cinematic merchandising slogan
Comments Off on I Ching Geometry
Saturday, September 19, 2020
Comments Off on Cube School
Sunday, July 5, 2020
Promotional material —
“Did you buckle up?” — Harlan Kane
The publication date of The Enigma Cube reported above was February 13, 2020.
Related material — Log24 posts around that date now tagged The Reality Bond.
Comments Off on The Enigma Cube
Monday, February 24, 2020
See also Time Cube elsewhere in this journal.
Comments Off on For “Time Cube” Fans
Sunday, December 22, 2019
Exercise: Use the Guitart 7cycles below to relate the 56 triples
in an 8set (such as the eightfold cube) to the 56 triangles in
a wellknown Kleinquartic hyperbolicplane tiling. Then use
the correspondence of the triples with the 56 spreads of PG(3,2)
to construct M_{24}.
Click image below to download a Guitart PowerPoint presentation.
See as well earlier posts also tagged Triangles, Spreads, Mathieu.
Comments Off on M_{24} from the Eightfold Cube
Friday, June 21, 2019
See also "SixSet" in this journal
and "Cube Geometry Continues."
Comments Off on Cube Tales for Solstice Day
Comments Off on Cubehenge
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
Comments Off on Inside the White Cube
Monday, May 13, 2019
"Before time began . . . ." — Optimus Prime
Comments Off on Star Cube
Saturday, May 4, 2019
Comments Off on Inside the White Cube
Tuesday, March 5, 2019
For PSL(2,7), this is ((491)(497))/((71)(2))=168.
The group GL(3,2), also of order 168, acts naturally
on the set of seven cubeslicings below —
Another way to picture the seven natural slicings —
Application of the above images to picturing the
isomorphism of PSL(2,7) with GL(3,2) —
For a more detailed proof, see . . .
Comments Off on The Eightfold Cube and PSL(2,7)
Thursday, December 6, 2018
This journal ten years ago today —
Surprise Package
From a talk by a Melbourne mathematician on March 9, 2018 —
The source — Talk II below —
Related material —
The 56 triangles of the eightfold cube . . .
Image from Christmas Day 2005.
Comments Off on The Mathieu Cube of Iain Aitchison
Sunday, September 30, 2018
Found today in an Internet image search, from the website of
an anonymous amateur mathematics enthusiast —
Forming Gray codes in the eightfold cube with the eight
I Ching trigrams (bagua ) —
This journal on Nov. 7, 2016 —
A different sort of cube, from the makers of the recent
Netflix miniseries "Maniac" —
See also Rubik in this journal.
Comments Off on Iconology of the Eightfold Cube
Monday, July 23, 2018
Click to enlarge:
Above are the 7 frames of an animated gif from a Wikipedia article.
* For the Furey of the title, see a July 20 Quanta Magazine piece —
See also the eightfold cube in this journal.
"Before time began . . . ." — Optimus Prime
Comments Off on Eightfold Cube for Furey*
Friday, June 29, 2018
From a post of July 25, 2008, “56 Triangles,” on the Klein quartic
and the eightfold cube —
“Baez’s discussion says that the Klein quartic’s 56 triangles
can be partitioned into 7 eighttriangle Egan ‘cubes’ that
correspond to the 7 points of the Fano plane in such a way
that automorphisms of the Klein quartic correspond to
automorphisms of the Fano plane. Show that the
56 triangles within the eightfold cube can also be partitioned
into 7 eighttriangle sets that correspond to the 7 points of the
Fano plane in such a way that (affine) transformations of the
eightfold cube induce (projective) automorphisms of the Fano plane.”
Related material from 1975 —
More recently …
Comments Off on Triangles in the Eightfold Cube
Thursday, March 22, 2018
The Java applets at the webpage "Diamonds and Whirls"
that illustrate Cullinane cubes may be difficult to display.
Here instead is an animated GIF that shows the basic unit
for the "design cube" pages at finitegeometry.org.
Comments Off on The Diamond Cube
Saturday, November 18, 2017
Comments Off on Cube Space Continued
Tuesday, August 8, 2017
Comments Off on Cube Quaternions
Sunday, June 4, 2017
From this journal on August 18, 2015, "A Wrinkle in Terms" —
For two misuses by John Baez of the phrase “permutation group”
at the nCategory Café, see “A Wrinkle in the Mathematical Universe”
and “Re: A Wrinkle…” —
“There is such a thing as a permutation group.”
— Adapted from A Wrinkle in Time , by Madeleine L’Engle
* See RIP, Time Cube at gizmodo.com (September 1, 2015).
Comments Off on In Memory of the Time Cube Page*
Tuesday, April 4, 2017
“Inside the White Cube” —
“We have now reached
a point where we see
not the art but the space first….
An image comes to mind
of a white, ideal space
that, more than any single picture,
may be the archetypal image
of 20thcentury art.”
“Space: what you
damn well have to see.”
— James Joyce, Ulysses
Comments Off on White Cube
Friday, January 6, 2017
The assignments page for a graduate algebra course at Cornell
last fall had a link to the eightfold cube:
Comments Off on Eightfold Cube at Cornell
Tuesday, August 30, 2016
A KUNSTforum.as article online today (translation by Google) —
Update of Sept. 7, 2016: The corrections have been made,
except for the misspelling "Cullinan," which was caused by
Google translation, not by KUNSTforum.
Comments Off on The Eightfold Cube in Oslo
Tuesday, April 5, 2016
Comments Off on “Puzzle Cube of a Novel”
Monday, April 4, 2016
Foreword by Sir Michael Atiyah —
“Poincaré said that science is no more a collection of facts
than a house is a collection of bricks. The facts have to be
ordered or structured, they have to fit a theory, a construct
(often mathematical) in the human mind. . . .
… Mathematics may be art, but to the general public it is
a black art, more akin to magic and mystery. This presents
a constant challenge to the mathematical community: to
explain how art fits into our subject and what we mean by beauty.
In attempting to bridge this divide I have always found that
architecture is the best of the arts to compare with mathematics.
The analogy between the two subjects is not hard to describe
and enables abstract ideas to be exemplified by bricks and mortar,
in the spirit of the Poincaré quotation I used earlier.”
— Sir Michael Atiyah, “The Art of Mathematics”
in the AMS Notices , January 2010
Judy Bass, Los Angeles Times , March 12, 1989 —
“Like Rubik’s Cube, The Eight demands to be pondered.”
As does a figure from 1984, Cullinane’s Cube —
For natural group actions on the Cullinane cube,
see “The Eightfold Cube” and
“A Simple Reflection Group of Order 168.”
See also the recent post Cube Bricks 1984 —
Related remark from the literature —
Note that only the static structure is described by Felsner, not the
168 group actions discussed by Cullinane. For remarks on such
group actions in the literature, see “Cube Space, 19842003.”
(From Anatomy of a Cube, Sept. 18, 2011.)
Comments Off on Cube for Berlin
Thursday, March 17, 2016
The following page quotes "Raiders of the Lost Crucible,"
a Log24 post from Halloween 2015.
From KUNSTforum.as, a Norwegian art quarterly, issue no. 1 of 2016.
Related posts — See Lyche Eightfold.
Comments Off on On the Eightfold Cube
Friday, October 9, 2015
An eightfold cube appears in this detail
of a photo by Josefine Lyche of her
installation "4D Ambassador" at the
Norwegian Sculpture Biennial 2015 —
(Detail from private Instagram photo.)
Catalog description of installation —
Google Translate version —
In a small bedroom to Foredragssalen populate
Josefine Lyche exhibition with a group sculptures
that are part of the work group 4D Ambassador
(20142015). Together they form an installation
where she uses light to amplify the feeling of
stepping into a new dimension, for which the title
suggests, this "ambassadors" for a dimension we
normally do not have access to. "Ambassadors"
physical forms presents nonphysical phenomena.
Lyches works have in recent years been placed
in something one might call an "esoteric direction"
in contemporary art, and defines itself this
sculpture group humorous as "glamminimalist."
She has in many of his works returned to basic
geometric shapes, with hints to the occult,
"new spaceage", mathematics and where
everything in between.
See also Lyche + "4D Ambassador" in this journal and
her website page with a 2012 version of that title.
Comments Off on Eightfold Cube in Oslo
Sunday, December 28, 2014
The Blacklist “Pilot” Review
"There is an element of camp to this series though. Spader is
quite gleefully channeling Anthony Hopkins, complete with being
a well educated, elegant man locked away in a supercell.
Speaking of that supercell, it’s kind of ridiculous. They’ve got him
locked up in an abandoned post office warehouse on a little
platform with a chair inside a giant metal cube that looks like
it could have been built by Tony Stark. And as Liz approaches
to talk to him, the entire front of the cube opens and the whole
thing slides back to leave just the platform and chair. Really?
FUCKING REALLY ? "
— Kate Reilly at Geekenstein.com (Sept. 27, 2013)
Comments Off on Cube of Ultron
Monday, May 19, 2014
A sequel to this afternoon’s Rubik Quote:
“The Cube was born in 1974 as a teaching tool
to help me and my students better understand
space and 3D. The Cube challenged us to find
order in chaos.”
— Professor Ernő Rubik at Chrome Cube Lab
(Click image below to enlarge.)
Comments Off on Cube Space
Thursday, January 24, 2013
For the late Cardinal Glemp of Poland,
who died yesterday, some links:
Comments Off on Cube Space
Friday, December 28, 2012
From Don DeLillo's novel Point Omega —
I knew what he was, or what he was supposed to be, a defense intellectual, without the usual credentials, and when I used the term it made him tense his jaw with a proud longing for the early weeks and months, before he began to understand that he was occupying an empty seat. "There were times when no map existed to match the reality we were trying to create."
"What reality?"
"This is something we do with every eyeblink. Human perception is a saga of created reality. But we were devising entities beyond the agreedupon limits of recognition or interpretation. Lying is necessary. The state has to lie. There is no lie in war or in preparation for war that can't be defended. We went beyond this. We tried to create new realities overnight, careful sets of words that resemble advertising slogans in memorability and repeatability. These were words that would yield pictures eventually and then become threedimensional. The reality stands, it walks, it squats. Except when it doesn't."
He didn't smoke but his voice had a sandlike texture, maybe just raspy with age, sometimes slipping inward, becoming nearly inaudible. We sat for some time. He was slouched in the middle of the sofa, looking off toward some point in a high corner of the room. He had scotch and water in a coffee mug secured to his midsection. Finally he said, "Haiku."
I nodded thoughtfully, idiotically, a slow series of gestures meant to indicate that I understood completely.
"Haiku means nothing beyond what it is. A pond in summer, a leaf in the wind. It's human consciousness located in nature. It's the answer to everything in a set number of lines, a prescribed syllable count. I wanted a haiku war," he said. "I wanted a war in three lines. This was not a matter of force levels or logistics. What I wanted was a set of ideas linked to transient things. This is the soul of haiku. Bare everything to plain sight. See what's there. Things in war are transient. See what's there and then be prepared to watch it disappear."

What's there—
This view of a die's faces 3, 6, and 5, in counter
clockwise order (see previous post) suggests a way
of labeling the eight corners of a die (or cube):
123, 135, 142, 154, 246, 263, 365, 456.
Here opposite faces of the die sum to 7, and the
three faces meeting at each corner are listed
in counterclockwise order. (This corresponds
to a labeling of one of MacMahon's* 30 colored cubes.)
A similar vertexlabeling may be used in describing
the automorphisms of the order8 quaternion group.
For a more literary approach to quaternions, see
Pynchon's novel Against the Day .
* From Peter J. Cameron's weblog:
"The big name associated with this is Major MacMahon,
an associate of Hardy, Littlewood and Ramanujan,
of whom Robert Kanigel said,
His expertise lay in combinatorics, a sort of
glorified dicethrowing, and in it he had made
contributions original enough to be named
a Fellow of the Royal Society.
Glorified dicethrowing, indeed…"
Comments Off on Cube Koan
Thursday, September 27, 2012
Denote the ddimensional hypercube by γ_{d} .
"… after coloring the sixtyfour vertices of γ_{6}
alternately red and blue, we can say that
the sixteen pairs of opposite red vertices represent
the sixteen nodes of Kummer's surface, while
the sixteen pairs of opposite blue vertices
represent the sixteen tropes."
— From "Kummer's 16_{6 }," section 12 of Coxeter's 1950
"Selfdual Configurations and Regular Graphs"
Just as the 4×4 square represents the 4dimensional
hypercube γ_{4 }over the twoelement Galois field GF(2),
so the 4x4x4 cube represents the 6dimensional
hypercube γ_{6} over GF(2).
For religious interpretations, see
Nanavira Thera (Indian) and
I Ching geometry (Chinese).
See also two professors in The New York Times
discussing images of the sacred in an oped piece
dated Sept. 26 (Yom Kippur).
Comments Off on Kummer and the Cube
Sunday, August 5, 2012
The second Logos figure in the previous post
summarized affine group actions on partitions
that generate a group of about 1.3 trillion
permutations of a 4x4x4 cube (shown below)—
Click for further details.
Comments Off on Cube Partitions
Monday, April 9, 2012
A search today (Élie Cartan's birthday) for material related to triality*
yielded references to something that has been called a Bhargava cube .
Two pages from a 2006 paper by Bhargava—
Bhargava's reference [4] above for "the story of the cube" is to…
Higher Composition Laws I:
A New View on Gauss Composition,
and Quadratic Generalizations
Manjul Bhargava
The Annals of Mathematics
Second Series, Vol. 159, No. 1 (Jan., 2004), pp. 217250
Published by: Annals of Mathematics
Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3597249
A brief account in the context of embedding problems (click to enlarge)—
For more ways of slicing a cube,
see The Eightfold Cube —
* Note (1) some remarks by Tony Smith
related to the above Dynkin diagram
and (2) another colorful variation on the diagram.
Comments Off on Eightfold Cube Revisited
Sunday, February 5, 2012
(Continued from January 11, 2012)
Comments Off on Cuber
Wednesday, January 11, 2012
“Examples galore of this feeling must have arisen in the minds of the people who extended the Magic Cube concept to other polyhedra, other dimensions, other ways of slicing. And once you have made or acquired a new ‘cube’… you will want to know how to export a known algorithm , broken up into its fundamental operators , from a familiar cube. What is the essence of each operator? One senses a deep invariant lying somehow ‘down underneath’ it all, something that one can’t quite verbalize but that one recognizes so clearly and unmistakably in each new example, even though that example might violate some feature one had thought necessary up to that very moment. In fact, sometimes that violation is what makes you sure you’re seeing the same thing , because it reveals slippabilities you hadn’t sensed up till that time….
… example: There is clearly only one sensible 4 × 4 × 4 Magic Cube. It is the answer; it simply has the right spirit .”
— Douglas R. Hofstadter, 1985, Metamagical Themas: Questing for the Essence of Mind and Pattern (Kindle edition, locations 1155711572)
See also Many Dimensions in this journal and Solomon’s Cube.
Comments Off on Cuber
Friday, December 30, 2011
The following picture provides a new visual approach to
the order8 quaternion group's automorphisms.
Click the above image for some context.
Here the cube is called "eightfold" because the eight vertices,
like the eight subcubes of a 2×2×2 cube,* are thought of as
independently movable. See The Eightfold Cube.
See also…
Related material: Robin Chapman and Karen E. Smith
on the quaternion group's automorphisms.
* See Margaret Wertheim's Christmas Eve remarks on mathematics
and the following eightfold cube from an institute she cofounded—
© 2005 The Institute for Figuring
Photo by Norman Brosterman
fom the Inventing Kindergarten
exhibit at The Institute for Figuring
(cofounded by Margaret Wertheim)
Comments Off on Quaternions on a Cube
Sunday, September 18, 2011
R.D. Carmichael’s seminal 1931 paper on tactical configurations suggests
a search for later material relating such configurations to block designs.
Such a search yields the following—
“… it seems that the relationship between
BIB [balanced incomplete block ] designs
and tactical configurations, and in particular,
the Steiner system, has been overlooked.”
— D. A. Sprott, U. of Toronto, 1955
The figure by Cullinane included above shows a way to visualize Sprott’s remarks.
For the group actions described by Cullinane, see “The Eightfold Cube” and
“A Simple Reflection Group of Order 168.”
Update of 7:42 PM Sept. 18, 2011—
From a Summer 2011 course on discrete structures at a Berlin website—
A different illustration of the eightfold cube as the Steiner system S(3, 4, 8)—
Note that only the static structure is described by Felsner, not the
168 group actions discussed (as above) by Cullinane. For remarks on
such group actions in the literature, see “Cube Space, 19842003.”
Comments Off on Anatomy of a Cube
Saturday, August 27, 2011
Prequel — (Click to enlarge)
Background —
See also Rubik in this journal.
* For the title, see Groups Acting.
Comments Off on Cosmic Cube*
Friday, June 24, 2011
Click the above image for some background.
Related material:
Skateboard legend Andy Kessler,
this morning's The Gleaming,
and But Sometimes I Hit London.
Comments Off on The Cube
Thursday, May 26, 2011
The title refers not to numbers of the form p^{ 3}, p prime, but to geometric cubes with p ^{3} subcubes.
Such cubes are natural models for the finite vector spaces acted upon by general linear groups viewed as permutation groups of degree (not order ) p^{ 3}.
For the case p =2, see The Eightfold Cube.
For the case p =3, see the "External links" section of the Nov. 30, 2009, version of Wikipedia article "General Linear Group." (That is the version just prior to the Dec. 14, 2009, revision by anonymous user "Greenfernglade.")
For symmetries of group actions for larger primes, see the related 1985 remark* on two dimensional linear groups—
"Actions of GL(2,p ) on a p ×p coordinatearray
have the same sorts of symmetries,
where p is any odd prime."
* Group Actions, 19842009
Comments Off on Prime Cubes
Monday, June 21, 2010
Cubic models of finite geometries
display an interplay between
Euclidean and Galois geometry.
Example 1— The 2×2×2 Cube—
also known as the eightfold cube—
Group actions on the eightfold cube, 1984—
Version by Laszlo Lovasz et al., 2003—
Lovasz et al. go on to describe the same group actions
as in the 1984 note, without attribution.
Example 2— The 3×3×3 Cube
A note from 1985 describing group actions on a 3×3 plane array—
Undated software by Ed Pegg Jr. displays
group actions on a 3×3×3 cube that extend the
3×3 group actions from 1985 described above—
Pegg gives no reference to the 1985 work on group actions.
Example 3— The 4×4×4 Cube
A note from 27 years ago today—
As far as I know, this version of the
groupactions theorem has not yet been ripped off.
Comments Off on Cube Spaces
Thursday, October 22, 2009
From the Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, Jan. 26, 2005:
What is known about unit cubes
by Chuanming Zong, Peking University
Abstract: Unit cubes, from any point of view, are among the simplest and the most important objects in ndimensional Euclidean space. In fact, as one will see from this survey, they are not simple at all….
From Log24, now:
What is known about the 4×4×4 cube
by Steven H. Cullinane, unaffiliated
Abstract: The 4×4×4 cube, from one point of view, is among the simplest and the most important objects in ndimensional binary space. In fact, as one will see from the links below, it is not simple at all.
Solomon’s Cube
The Klein Correspondence, Penrose SpaceTime, and a Finite Model
NonEuclidean Blocks
Geometry of the I Ching
Related material:
Monday’s entry Just Say NO and a poem by Stevens,
“The Well Dressed Man with a Beard.”
Comments Off on Chinese Cubes
Monday, September 13, 2021
The date of the Rubber Ducky article in the previous post was . . .
November 11, 2019.
Synchronology check:
* A phrase by Woody Allen (NY Times , May 5, 2011).
Tuesday, August 31, 2021
A passage by Max Jammer quoted in yesterday's post
A Brief Introduction to Ideas suggests further remarks:
There are geometries in which lengths are not invariant
because they are not relevant — for instance, projective
geometry, finite geometry, and of course finite projective
geometry.
See the annus mirabilis introduction to that subject
cited by Jammer in yesterday's Brief Introduction —
Comments Off on Annals of Geometry
Sunday, August 29, 2021
Concepts of Space —
(From the March 2019 post Back to the Annus Mirabilis , 1905 )
Concepts of Space and Time —
Comments Off on “Before Time Began . . .” — Optimus Prime
Monday, August 9, 2021
"Two years ago . . . ." — Synopsis of the August 3 film "Hum"
Two years ago on August 3 . . .
What is going on in this picture?
The above is an image from
the August 3, 2019,
post "Butterfield's Eight."
"Within the week . . . ."
— The above synopsis of "Hum"
This suggests a review of a post
from August 5, 2019, that might
be retitled . . .
"The void she knows,
the tune she hums."
Comments Off on The Tune (Suggested by “Hum: Seek the Void”)
Wednesday, April 7, 2021
Drilling down . . .
My own, more abstract, academic interests are indicated by
a post from this journal on January 20, 2020 —
Dyadic Harmonic Analysis: The Fourfold Square and Eightfold Cube.
Those poetically inclined may regard that post as an instance of the
“intersection of the timeless with time.”
Comments Off on Timeless Capsules
Monday, March 29, 2021
Also on 18 November 2010 —
Comments Off on Graduate School
Sunday, March 21, 2021
“To conquer, three boxes* have to synchronize and join together into the Unity.”
―Wonder Woman in Zack Snyder’s Justice League
See also The Unity of Combinatorics and The Miracle Octad Generator.
* Cf. Aitchison’s Octads —
Comments Off on Mathematics and Narrative: The Unity
Continues from March 17.
See as well some remarks on Chinese perspective
in the Log24 post “Gate” of June 13, 2013.
Comments Off on Mind the Gaps…
Wednesday, March 17, 2021
Comments Off on Mind the Gaps
Friday, March 12, 2021
See Trinity Cube in this journal and . . .
McDonnell’s illustration is from 9 June 1983.
See as well a less official note from later that June.
Comments Off on Grid
Wednesday, March 10, 2021
Comments Off on “Always with a little humor.” — Dr. Yen Lo
Saturday, February 27, 2021
Clue
Here is a midrash on “desmic,” a term derived from the Greek desmé
( δέσμη: bundle, sheaf , or, in the mathematical sense, pencil —
French faisceau ), which is related to the term desmos , bond …
(The term “desmic,” as noted earlier, is relevant to the structure of
Heidegger’s Sternwürfel .)
“Gadzooks, I’ve done it again!” — Sherlock Hemlock
Comments Off on The Pencil Case
Thursday, February 25, 2021
“… What is your dream—your ideal? What is your News from Nowhere,
or, rather, What is the result of the little shake your hand has given to
the old pasteboard toy with a dozen bits of colored glass for contents?
And, most important of all, can you present it in a narrative or romance
which will enable me to pass an idle hour not disagreeably? How, for instance,
does it compare in this respect with other prophetic books on the shelf?”
— Hudson, W. H.. A Crystal Age (p. 2). Open Road Media. Kindle Edition.
See as well . . .
The lexicographic Golay code
contains, embedded within it,
the Miracle Octad Generator.
Comments Off on Compare and Contrast
Wednesday, February 24, 2021
“Twentyfour glyphs, each one representing not a letter, not a word,
but a concept, arranged into four groups, written in Boris’s own hand,
an artifact that seemed to have resurrected him from the dead. It was
as if he were sitting across from Bourne now, in the dim antiquity of
the museum library.
This was what Bourne was staring at now, written on the unfolded
bit of onionskin.”
— The Bourne Enigma , published on June 21, 2016
Passing, on June 21, 2016, into a higher dimension —
For those who prefer Borges to Bourne —
Comments Off on Annals of Dim Antiquity
Monday, February 15, 2021
In memory of a Dead Sea Scrolls scholar who
reportedly died on December 29, 2020, here are
links to two Log24 posts from that date:
I Ching Geometry and Raiders of the Lost Coordinates.
Comments Off on Raiders of the Lost Building Blocks
Sunday, December 27, 2020
“Knight move” remark from The Eiger Sanction —
“I like to put people on myself by skipping logical steps
in the conversation until they’re dizzy.”
The following logical step — a check of the date Nov. 18, 2017 —
was omitted in the post Futon Dream on this year’s St. Stephen’s Day.
For further context, see James Propp in this journal.
Comments Off on Knight Move for Trevanian
Friday, December 25, 2020
From old posts tagged Change Arises —
From Christmas 2005:
Click on image for details.
For the eightfold cube
as it relates to Klein’s
simple group, see
“A Reflection Group
of Order 168.”
For an rather more
complicated theory of
Klein’s simple group, see
Click on image for details. 
The phrase “change arises” is from ArkaniHamed in 2013, describing
calculations in physics related to properties of the positive Grassmannian —
A related recent illustration from Quanta Magazine —
The above illustration of seven cells is not unrelated to
the eightfoldcube model of the seven projective points in
the Fano plane.
Comments Off on Change Arises: Mathematical Examples
Tuesday, December 22, 2020
“… her art was rarely exhibited until the 1970s,
and then only sporadically and in small venues . . . .”
— New York Times obituary suggested by
today’s review,
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/22/
arts/artistswhodied2020.html
“No ordinary venue.” — Song lyric
Related material now linked to in the previous post —
“Click on the Yellow Book.“
Comments Off on Small Venues
Tuesday, December 15, 2020
Hurt’s dies natalis (date of death, in the saints’ sense) was,
it now seems, 25 January 2017, not 27.
A connection, for fantasy fans, between the Philosopher’s Stone
(represented by the eightfold cube) and the Deathly Hallows
(represented by the usual Fanoplane figure) —
Images from a Log24 search for “Holocron.”
Comments Off on Connection
Sunday, November 22, 2020
A figure adapted from “Magic Fano Planes,” by
Ben Miesner and David Nash, Pi Mu Epsilon Journal
Vol. 14, No. 1, 1914, CENTENNIAL ISSUE 3 2014
(Fall 2014), pp. 2329 (7 pages) —
Related material — The Eightfold Cube.
Update at 10:51 PM ET the same day —
Essentially the same figure as above appears also in
the second arXiv version (11 Jan. 2016) of . . .
DAVID A. NASH, and JONATHAN NEEDLEMAN.
“When Are Finite Projective Planes Magic?”
Mathematics Magazine, vol. 89, no. 2, 2016, pp. 83–91.
JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.4169/math.mag.89.2.83.
The arXiv versions —
Comments Off on The GaloisFano Plane
Wednesday, September 23, 2020
Various posts here on the geometry underlying the Mathieu group M_{24}
are now tagged with the phrase “Geometry of Even Subsets.”
For example, a post with this diagram . . .
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Monday, September 21, 2020
“On their way to obscurity, the Simulmatics people
played minor parts in major events, appearing Zeliglike
at crucial moments of 1960s history.”
— James Gleick reviewing a new book by Jill Lepore
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Saturday, September 19, 2020
“Like Coleridge” . . .
Related material: Bloomsday 2006.
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Thursday, September 17, 2020
Continues in The New York Times :
“One day — ‘I don’t know exactly why,’ he writes — he tried to
put together eight cubes so that they could stick together but
also move around, exchanging places. He made the cubes out
of wood, then drilled a hole in the corners of the cubes to link
them together. The object quickly fell apart.
Many iterations later, Rubik figured out the unique design
that allowed him to build something paradoxical:
a solid, static object that is also fluid….” — Alexandra Alter
Another such object: the eightfold cube .
Comments Off on Structure and Mutability . . .
Thursday, September 10, 2020
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Wednesday, September 9, 2020
For a Jedi holocron of sorts, see this journal on the above YouTube date —
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Tuesday, September 8, 2020
Metaphysical ruminations of Coleridge that might be applied to
the eightfold cube —
See also “Sprechen Sie Neutsch?“.
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Thursday, July 9, 2020
For those who prefer fiction —
“Twentyfour glyphs, each one representing not a letter, not a word,
but a concept, arranged into four groups, written in Boris’s own hand,
an artifact that seemed to have resurrected him from the dead. It was
as if he were sitting across from Bourne now, in the dim antiquity of
the museum library.
This was what Bourne was staring at now, written on the unfolded
bit of onionskin.”
— “Robert Ludlum’s” The Bourne Enigma , published on June 21, 2016
Passing, on June 21, 2016, into a higher dimension —
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Sunday, July 5, 2020
“He recounted the story of Adam and Eve, who were banished
from paradise because of their curiosity. Their inability to resist
the temptation of the forbidden fruit. Which itself was a metaphorical
standin for knowledge and power. He urged us to find the restraint
needed to resist the temptation of the cube—the biblical apple
in modern garb. He urged us to remain in Eden until we were able
to work out the knowledge the apple offered, all by ourselves.”
— Richards, Douglas E.. The Enigma Cube (Alien Artifact Book 1)
(pp. 160161). Paragon Press, 2020. Kindle Edition.
The biblical apple also appears in the game, and film, Assassin’s Creed .
Related material —
See the cartoon version of Alfred North Whitehead in the previous post,
and some Whiteheadrelated projective geometry —
Comments Off on It’s Still the Same Old Story …
The previous post reported, perhaps inaccurately, a publication
date of February 13, 2020, for the novel The Enigma Cube .
A variant publication date, Jan. 21, 2020, is reported below.
This journal on that date —
Comments Off on Enigma Variations
Saturday, May 23, 2020
The resemblance to the eightfold cube is, of course,
completely coincidental.
Some background from the literature —
Comments Off on Eightfold Geometry: A Surface Code “Unit Cell”
Friday, May 22, 2020
From a paper cited in the above story:
“Fig. 4 A lattice geometry for a surface code.” —
The above figure suggests a search for “surface code” cube :
Related poetic remarks — “Illumination of a surface.”
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Sunday, May 17, 2020
“Let me say this about that.” — Richard Nixon
Interpenetration in Weyl’s epistemology —
Interpenetration in Mazzola’s music theory —
Interpenetration in the eightfold cube — the three midplanes —
A deeper example of interpenetration:
Aitchison has shown that the Mathieu group M_{24} has a natural
action on the 24 center points of the subsquares on the eightfold
cube’s six faces (four such points on each of the six faces). Thus
the 759 octads of the Steiner system S(5, 8, 24) interpenetrate
on the surface of the cube.
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Sunday, March 22, 2020
A brief summary of the eightfold cube is now at octad.us.
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Thursday, March 5, 2020
See the title in this journal.
Such generation occurs both in Euclidean space …
… and in some Galois spaces —
.
In Galois spaces, some care must be taken in defining "reflection."
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Sunday, March 1, 2020
Freeman Dyson on his staircase at Trinity College
(University of Cambridge) and on Ludwig Wittgenstein:
“I held him in the highest respect and was delighted
to find him living in a room above mine on the same
staircase. I frequently met him walking up or down
the stairs, but I was too shy to start a conversation.”
Frank Close on Ron Shaw:
“Shaw arrived there in 1949 and moved into room K9,
overlooking Jesus Lane. There is nothing particularly
special about this room other than the coincidence that
its previous occupant was Freeman Dyson.”
— Close, Frank. The Infinity Puzzle (p. 78).
Basic Books. Kindle Edition.
See also other posts now tagged Trinity Staircase.
Illuminati enthusiasts may enjoy the following image:
Comments Off on Same Staircase, Different Day
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Roberta Smith on Donald Judd’s
ARTnews Writings:
‘A Great Template for Criticism’
BY ALEX GREENBERGER
February 28, 2020 1:04pm
If Minimalist artist Donald Judd is known as a writer at all, it’s likely for one important text— his 1965 essay “Specific Objects,” in which he observed the rise of a new kind of art that collapsed divisions between painting, sculpture, and other mediums. But Judd was a prolific critic, penning shrewd reviews for various publications throughout his career—including ARTnews . With a Judd retrospective going on view this Sunday at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, ARTnews asked New York Times cochief art critic Roberta Smith— who, early in her career, worked for Judd as his assistant— to comment on a few of Judd’s ARTnews reviews. How would she describe his critical style? “In a word,” she said, “great.” . . . .

And then there is Temple Eight, or Ex Fano Apollinis —
Cicero, In Verrem II. 1. 46 —
He reached Delos. There one night he secretly 46
carried off, from the muchrevered sanctuary of
Apollo, several ancient and beautiful statues, and
had them put on board his own transport. Next
day, when the inhabitants of Delos saw their sanc
tuary stripped of its treasures, they were much
distressed . . . .
Delum venit. Ibi ex fano Apollinis religiosissimo
noctu clam sustulit signa pulcherrima atque anti
quissima, eaque in onerariam navem suam conicienda
curavit. Postridie cum fanum spoliatum viderent ii
qui Delum incolebant, graviter ferebant . . . .
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Thursday, February 27, 2020
From the author who in 2001 described "God's fingerprint"
(see the previous post) —
From the same publisher —
From other posts tagged Triskele in this journal —
Other geometry for enthusiasts of the esoteric —
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Sunday, February 23, 2020
"Although art is fundamentally everywhere and always the same,
nevertheless two main human inclinations, diametrically opposed
to each other, appear in its many and varied expressions. ….
The first aims at representing reality objectively, the second subjectively."
— Mondrian, 1936 [Links added.]
An image search today (click to enlarge) —
Comments Off on The Representation of Reality
Friday, February 21, 2020
Also on January 27, 2017 . . .
For other appearances of John Hurt here,
see 1984 Cubes.
Update of 12:45 AM Feb. 22 —
A check of later obituaries reveals that Hurt may well
have died on January 25, 2017, not January 27 as above.
Thus the following remarks may be more appropriate:
Not to mention what, why, who, and how.
Comments Off on To and Fro, Back and …
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
The 759 octads of the Steiner system S(5,8,24) are displayed
rather neatly in the Miracle Octad Generator of R. T. Curtis.
A March 9, 2018, construction by Iain Aitchison* pictures the
759 octads on the faces of a cube , with octad elements the
24 edges of a cuboctahedron :
The Curtis octads are related to symmetries of the square.
See my webpage "Geometry of the 4×4 square" from March 2004.
Aitchison's p. 42 slide includes an illustration from that page —
Aitchison's octads are instead related to symmetries of the cube.
Note that essentially the same model as Aitchison's can be pictured
by using, instead of the 24 edges of a cuboctahedron, the 24 outer
faces of subcubes in the eightfold cube .
Image from Christmas Day 2005.
* http://www.math.sci.hiroshimau.ac.jp/branched/files/2018/
presentations/AitchisonHiroshima22018.pdf.
See also Aitchison in this journal.
Comments Off on Aitchison’s Octads
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
The plane at left is modeled naturally by
seven types of “cuts” in the cube at right.
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Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Two of the thumbnail previews
from yesterday's 1 AM post …
"Hum a few bars"
"For 6 Prescott Street"
Further down in the "6 Prescott St." post, the link 5 Divinity Avenue
leads to …
A Letter from Timothy Leary, Ph.D., July 17, 1961
Harvard University
Department of Social Relations
Center for Research in Personality
Morton Prince House
5 Divinity Avenue
Cambridge 38, Massachusetts
July 17, 1961
Dr. Thomas S. Szasz
c/o Upstate Medical School
Irving Avenue
Syracuse 10, New York
Dear Dr. Szasz:
Your book arrived several days ago. I've spent eight hours on it and realize the task (and joy) of reading it has just begun.
The Myth of Mental Illness is the most important book in the history of psychiatry.
I know it is rash and premature to make this earlier judgment. I reserve the right later to revise and perhaps suggest it is the most important book published in the twentieth century.
It is great in so many ways–scholarship, clinical insight, political savvy, common sense, historical sweep, human concern– and most of all for its compassionate, shattering honesty.
. . . .

The small Morton Prince House in the above letter might, according to
the abovequoted remarks by Corinna S. Rohse, be called a "jewel box."
Harvard moved it in 1978 from Divinity Avenue to its current location at
6 Prescott Street.
Related "jewel box" material for those who
prefer narrative to mathematics —
"In The Electric KoolAid Acid Test , Tom Wolfe writes about encountering
'a young psychologist,' 'Clifton Fadiman’s nephew, it turned out,' in the
waiting room of the San Mateo County jail. Fadiman and his wife were
'happily stuffing three IChing coins into some interminable dense volume*
of Oriental mysticism' that they planned to give Ken Kesey, the Prankster
inChief whom the FBI had just nabbed after eight months on the lam.
Wolfe had been granted an interview with Kesey, and they wanted him to
tell their friend about the hidden coins. During this difficult time, they
explained, Kesey needed oracular advice."
— Tim Doody in The Morning News web 'zine on July 26, 2012**
Oracular advice related to yesterday evening's
"jewel box" post …
A 4dimensional hypercube H (a tesseract ) has 24 square
2dimensional faces. In its incarnation as a Galois tesseract
(a 4×4 square array of points for which the appropriate transformations
are those of the affine 4space over the finite (i.e., Galois) twoelement
field GF(2)), the 24 faces transform into 140 4point "facets." The Galois
version of H has a group of 322,560 automorphisms. Therefore, by the
orbitstabilizer theorem, each of the 140 facets of the Galois version has
a stabilizer group of 2,304 affine transformations.
Similar remarks apply to the I Ching In its incarnation as
a Galois hexaract , for which the symmetry group — the group of
affine transformations of the 6dimensional affine space over GF(2) —
has not 322,560 elements, but rather 1,290,157,424,640.
* The volume Wolfe mentions was, according to Fadiman, the I Ching.
** See also this journal on that date — July 26, 2012.
Comments Off on Very Stable KoolAid
Sunday, January 26, 2020
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Monday, January 20, 2020
The Fourfold Square and Eightfold Cube
Related material: A Google image search for “field dream” + log24.
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Thursday, January 2, 2020
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Saturday, December 14, 2019
(Continued)
The above image is from
"A FourColor Theorem:
Function Decomposition Over a Finite Field,"
http://finitegeometry.org/sc/gen/mapsys.html.
These partitions of an 8set into four 2sets
occur also in Wednesday night's post
Miracle Octad Generator Structure.
This post was suggested by a Daily News
story from August 8, 2011, and by a Log24
post from that same date, "Organizing the
Mine Workers" —
Comments Off on Colorful Tale
Monday, November 11, 2019
The misleading image at right above is from the cover of
an edition of Charles Williams's classic 1931 novel
Many Dimensions published in 1993 by Wm. B. Eerdmans.
Compare and constrast —
Cover of a book by Douglas Hofstadter
An Invariance of Symmetry
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Monday, October 7, 2019
Stevens's Omega and Alpha (see previous post) suggest a review.
Omega — The Berlekamp Garden. See Misère Play (April 8, 2019).
Alpha — The Kinder Garten. See Eighfold Cube.
Illustrations —
The sculpture above illustrates Klein's order168 simple group.
So does the sculpture below.
Cube Bricks 1984 —
Comments Off on Berlekamp Garden vs. Kinder Garten
Sunday, September 29, 2019
"The 15 Puzzle and the Magic Cube
are spiritual kin …."
— "Metamagical Themas" column,
Douglas R. Hofstadter, Scientific American ,
Vol. 244, No. 3 (March 1981), pp. 2039
As are the 15 Schoolgirls and the Eightfold Cube.
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The previous post dealt with “magic” cubes, so called because of the
analogous “magic” squares. Douglas Hofstadter has written about a
different, physical , object, promoted as “the Magic Cube,” that Hofstadter
felt embodied “a deep invariant”:
Comments Off on Stage Direction: “Comments Off.”
Monday, September 9, 2019
See as well an obituary for Mrs. Wertham from 1987.
Related art —
For further details, search the Web for "Wertham Professor" + Eck.
Comments Off on ART WARS at Harvard: The Wertham Professorship
Wednesday, July 10, 2019
… and Schoolgirl Space
"This poem contrasts the prosaic and sensual world of the here and now
with the transcendent and timeless world of beauty in art, and the first line,
'That is no country for old men,' refers to an artless world of impermanence
and sensual pleasure."
— "Yeats' 'Sailing to Byzantium' and McCarthy's No Country for Old Men :
Art and Artifice in the New Novel,"
Steven Frye in The Cormac McCarthy Journal ,
Vol. 5, No. 1 (Spring 2005), pp. 1420.
See also Schoolgirl Space in this journal.
* See, for instance, Lewis Hyde on the word "artifice" and . . .
Comments Off on Artifice* of Eternity …
Tuesday, July 9, 2019
Cube Bricks 1984 —
From "Tomorrowland" (2015) —
From John Baez (2018) —
See also this morning's post Perception of Space
and yesterday's Exploring Schoolgirl Space.
Comments Off on Schoolgirl Space: 1984 Revisited
(Continued)
The three previous posts have now been tagged . . .
Tetrahedron vs. Square and Triangle vs. Cube.
Related material —
Tetrahedron vs. Square:
Labeling the Tetrahedral Model (Click to enlarge) —
Triangle vs. Cube:
… and, from the date of the above John Baez remark —
Comments Off on Perception of Space
“I am always the figure in someone else’s dream. I would really rather
sometimes make my own figures and make my own dreams.”
— John Malkovich at squarespace.com, January 10, 2017
Also on that date . . .
.
Comments Off on Dreamtimes
Monday, July 8, 2019
Comments Off on Exploring Schoolgirl Space
Sunday, July 7, 2019
Anonymous remarks on the schoolgirl problem at Wikipedia —
"This solution has a geometric interpretation in connection with
Galois geometry and PG(3,2). Take a tetrahedron and label its
vertices as 0001, 0010, 0100 and 1000. Label its six edge centers
as the XOR of the vertices of that edge. Label the four face centers
as the XOR of the three vertices of that face, and the body center
gets the label 1111. Then the 35 triads of the XOR solution correspond
exactly to the 35 lines of PG(3,2). Each day corresponds to a spread
and each week to a packing."
See also Polster + Tetrahedron in this journal.
There is a different "geometric interpretation in connection with
Galois geometry and PG(3,2)" that uses a square model rather
than a tetrahedral model. The square model of PG(3,2) last
appeared in the schoolgirlproblem article on Feb. 11, 2017, just
before a revision that removed it.
Comments Off on Schoolgirl Problem
Thursday, June 20, 2019
Comments Off on The Lively Hallows
Saturday, June 8, 2019
See as well posts mentioning "An Object of Beauty."
Update of 12 AM June 11 — A screenshot of this post
is now available at http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/hqk7nx97 .
Comments Off on Art Object, continued and continued
Sunday, May 26, 2019
Some ninedot patterns of greater interest:
Comments Off on NineDot Patterns
Sunday, May 19, 2019
From "On the life and scientific work of Gino Fano"
by Alberto Collino, Alberto Conte, and Alessandro Verra,
ICCM Notices , July 2014, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 4357 —
" Indeed, about the Italian debate on foundations of Geometry, it is not rare to read comments in the same spirit of the following one, due to Jeremy Gray^{13}. He is essentially reporting Hans Freudenthal’s point of view:
' When the distinguished mathematician and historian of mathematics Hans Freudenthal analysed Hilbert’s Grundlagen he argued that the link between reality and geometry appears to be severed for the first time in Hilbert’s work. However, he discovered that Hilbert had been preceded by the Italian mathematician Gino Fano in 1892. . . .' "
^{13} J. Gray, "The Foundations of Projective Geometry in Italy," Chapter 24 (pp. 269–279) in his book Worlds Out of Nothing , Springer (2010).

Restoring the severed link —
See also Espacement and The Thing and I.
Related material —
Comments Off on The Building Blocks of Geometry
Monday, May 13, 2019
" 'My public image is unshakably that of
America’s wholesome virgin, the girl next door,
carefree and brimming with happiness,'
she said in Doris Day: Her Own Story ,
a 1976 book . . . ."
From "Angels & Demons Meet Hudson Hawk" (March 19, 2013) —
From the March 1 post "Solomon and the Image," a related figure —
Comments Off on Doris Day at the Hudson Rock
Monday, May 6, 2019
Building blocks?
From a post of May 4 —
See also Espacement and The Thing and I.
Comments Off on One Stuff
Saturday, May 4, 2019
The title refers to CalabiYau spaces.
T. S. Eliot —
Four Quartets
. . . Only by the form, the pattern,
Can words or music reach
The stillness, as a Chinese jar still
Moves perpetually in its stillness.
A less "cosmic" but still noteworthy code — The Golay code.
This resides in a 12dimensional space over GF(2).
Related material from Plato and R. T. Curtis —
A related CalabiYau "Chinese jar" first described in detail in 1905 —
A figure that may or may not be related to the 4x4x4 cube that
holds the classical Chinese "cosmic code" — the I Ching —
ftp://ftp.cs.indiana.edu/pub/hanson/forSha/AK3/old/K3pix.pdf
Comments Off on The Chinese Jars of ShingTung Yau
Monday, March 25, 2019
(Continued from the previous post.)
InBetween "Spacing" and the "Chôra "
in Derrida: A PreOriginary Medium?
By Louise Burchill
(Ch. 2 in Henk Oosterling & Ewa Plonowska Ziarek (Eds.), Intermedialities: Philosophy, Arts, Politics , Lexington Books, October 14, 2010)
"The term 'spacing' ('espacement ') is absolutely central to Derrida's entire corpus, where it is indissociable from those of différance (characterized, in the text from 1968 bearing this name, as '[at once] spacing [and] temporizing' ^{1}), writing (of which 'spacing' is said to be 'the fundamental property' ^{2}) and deconstruction (with one of Derrida's last major texts, Le Toucher: JeanLuc Nancy , specifying 'spacing ' to be 'the first word of any deconstruction' ^{3})."
1 Jacques Derrida, “La Différance,” in Marges – de la philosophie (Paris: Minuit, 1972), p. 14. Henceforth cited as D .
2 Jacques Derrida, “Freud and the Scene of Writing,” trans. A. Bass, in Writing and Difference (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978), p. 217. Henceforth cited as FSW .
3 Jacques Derrida, Le Toucher, JeanLuc Nancy (Paris: Galilée, 2000), p. 207.
. . . .
"… a particularly interesting point is made in this respect by the French philosopher, Michel Haar. After remarking that the force Derrida attributes to différance consists simply of the series of its effects, and is, for this reason, 'an indefinite process of substitutions or permutations,' Haar specifies that, for this process to be something other than a simple 'actualisation' lacking any real power of effectivity, it would need “a soubassement porteur ' – let’s say a 'conducting underlay' or 'conducting medium' which would not, however, be an absolute base, nor an 'origin' or 'cause.' If then, as Haar concludes, différance and spacing show themselves to belong to 'a pure Apollonism' 'haunted by the groundless ground,' which they lack and deprive themselves of,^{16} we can better understand both the threat posed by the 'figures' of space and the mother in the Timaeus and, as a result, Derrida’s insistent attempts to disqualify them. So great, it would seem, is the menace to différance that Derrida must, in a 'properly' apotropaic gesture, ward off these 'figures' of an archaic, chthonic, spatial matrix in any and all ways possible…."
16 Michel Haar, “Le jeu de Nietzsche dans Derrida,” Revue philosophique de la France et de l’Etranger 2 (1990): 207227.
. . . .
… "The conclusion to be drawn from Democritus' conception of rhuthmos , as well as from Plato's conception of the chôra , is not, therefore, as Derrida would have it, that a differential field understood as an originary site of inscription would 'produce' the spatiality of space but, on the contrary, that 'differentiation in general' depends upon a certain 'spatial milieu' – what Haar would name a 'groundless ground' – revealed as such to be an 'inbetween' more 'originary' than the play of differences it informs. As such, this conclusion obviously extends beyond Derrida's conception of 'spacing,' encompassing contemporary philosophy's continual privileging of temporization in its elaboration of a preontological 'opening' – or, shall we say, 'inbetween.'

For permutations and a possible "groundless ground," see
the eightfold cube and group actions both on a set of eight
building blocks arranged in a cube (a "conducting base") and
on the set of seven natural interstices (espacements ) between
the blocks. Such group actions provide an elementary picture of
the isomorphism between the groups PSL(2,7) (acting on the
eight blocks) and GL(3,2) (acting on the seven interstices).
Espacements
For the Church of Synchronology —
See also, from the reported publication date of the above book
Intermedialities , the Log24 post Synchronicity.
Comments Off on Espacement
Saturday, March 16, 2019
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Monday, March 11, 2019
The 4×4 square may also be called the Galois Tesseract .
By analogy, the 4x4x4 cube may be called the Galois Hexeract .
"Think outside the tesseract."
Comments Off on AntMan Meets Doctor Strange
Friday, March 1, 2019
"Maybe an image is too strong
Or maybe is not strong enough."
— "Solomon and the Witch,"
by William Butler Yeats
Comments Off on Solomon and the Image
Thursday, February 21, 2019
* For another such tale, see Eightfold Cube in this journal.
Comments Off on A Tale of Eight Building Blocks*
Wednesday, November 28, 2018
Einstein, "Geometry and Experience," lecture before the
Prussian Academy of Sciences, January 27, 1921–
… This view of axioms, advocated by modern axiomatics, purges mathematics of all extraneous elements, and thus dispels the mystic obscurity, which formerly surrounded the basis of mathematics. But such an expurgated exposition of mathematics makes it also evident that mathematics as such cannot predicate anything about objects of our intuition or real objects. In axiomatic geometry the words "point," "straight line," etc., stand only for empty conceptual schemata. That which gives them content is not relevant to mathematics.
Yet on the other hand it is certain that mathematics generally, and particularly geometry, owes its existence to the need which was felt of learning something about the behavior of real objects. The very word geometry, which, of course, means earthmeasuring, proves this. For earthmeasuring has to do with the possibilities of the disposition of certain natural objects with respect to one another, namely, with parts of the earth, measuringlines, measuringwands, etc. It is clear that the system of concepts of axiomatic geometry alone cannot make any assertions as to the behavior of real objects of this kind, which we will call practicallyrigid bodies. To be able to make such assertions, geometry must be stripped of its merely logicalformal character by the coordination of real objects of experience with the empty conceptual schemata of axiomatic geometry. To accomplish this, we need only add the proposition: solid bodies are related, with respect to their possible dispositions, as are bodies in Euclidean geometry of three dimensions. Then the propositions of Euclid contain affirmations as to the behavior of practicallyrigid bodies.
Geometry thus completed is evidently a natural science; we may in fact regard it as the most ancient branch of physics. Its affirmations rest essentially on induction from experience, but not on logical inferences only. We will call this completed geometry "practical geometry," and shall distinguish it in what follows from "purely axiomatic geometry." The question whether the practical geometry of the universe is Euclidean or not has a clear meaning, and its answer can only be furnished by experience. ….

Later in the same lecture, Einstein discusses "the theory of a finite
universe." Of course he is not using "finite" in the sense of the field
of mathematics known as "finite geometry " — geometry with only finitely
many points.
Nevertheless, his remarks seem relevant to the Fano plane , an
axiomatically defined entity from finite geometry, and the eightfold cube ,
a physical object embodying the properties of the Fano plane.
I want to show that without any extraordinary difficulty we can illustrate the theory of a finite universe by means of a mental picture to which, with some practice, we shall soon grow accustomed.
First of all, an observation of epistemological nature. A geometricalphysical theory as such is incapable of being directly pictured, being merely a system of concepts. But these concepts serve the purpose of bringing a multiplicity of real or imaginary sensory experiences into connection in the mind. To "visualize" a theory therefore means to bring to mind that abundance of sensible experiences for which the theory supplies the schematic arrangement. In the present case we have to ask ourselves how we can represent that behavior of solid bodies with respect to their mutual disposition (contact) that corresponds to the theory of a finite universe.

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