Wednesday, January 16, 2019

The Dreaming Polyhedron

Filed under: General — Tags: , — m759 @ 5:32 AM

"Here is a recipe for preparing a copy of the Mathieu group M24.
The main ingredient is a genus-3 regular polyhedron X
with 56 triangular faces, 84 edges, and 24 vertices.
The most delicate part of this recipe is to hold the polyhedron
by the 24 vertices and immerse the rest of it in 3-dimensional space."

— "How to Make the Mathieu Group M24 ," undated webpage
by David A. Richter, Western Michigan University

Illustration from that page —

Illustration from a webpage by David A. Richter, Western Michigan University

"Another model of the (universal cover of the) polyhedron X"

Related fiction —

Cover of a 1971 British paperback edition of The Dreaming Jewels,  
a story by Theodore Sturgeon (first version published in 1950):

Discuss Richter's model and the Sturgeon tale 
in the context of posts tagged Aitchison.

Tuesday, January 15, 2019


Filed under: General — Tags: — m759 @ 10:26 AM

Click to enlarge

Results of a 15 Jan. 2019 search for Aitchison + 'Mathieu group'

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Sunday the Thirteenth (Revisited)

Filed under: General — Tags: — m759 @ 10:00 PM

IMAGE- Redefining the cube's symmetry planes: 13 planes, not 9.

For some context, see "A Riddle for Davos."

Friday, January 11, 2019

Permutations at Oslo

Filed under: General — Tags: , — m759 @ 8:45 PM

Webpage at Oslo of Josefine Lyche, 'Plato's Diamond'

See also yesterday's  Archimedes at Hiroshima  and the
above 24 graphic permutations on  All Souls' Day 2010.

For some backstory, see Narrative Line (November 10, 2014).


Atiyah at Oslo

Filed under: General — Tags: — m759 @ 6:55 PM

Photo caption for the obituary below —

"Michael Atiyah, center, and Isadore M. Singer receive the Abel Award
from Norway’s King Harald in Oslo in 2004…"  Credit: Knut Falch,
SCANPIX/Associated Press

Thursday, January 10, 2019

Archimedes at Hiroshima

Filed under: General,Geometry — Tags: , , — m759 @ 7:35 PM

Two examples from the Wikipedia article  "Archimedean solid" —

Iain Aitchison said in a talk last year at Hiroshima that
the Mathieu group M24  can be represented as permuting
naturally the 24 edges  of the cuboctahedron.

The 24 vertices  of the truncated  octahedron are labeled 
naturally by the 24 elements of S4  in a permutahedron

Can M24  be represented as permuting naturally
the 24 vertices  of the truncated octahedron?


Tuesday, January 1, 2019

The Magnificent Seven

Filed under: General — Tags: — m759 @ 12:00 AM

Brief introduction to the 'Symmetric Generation' of R. T. Curtis

Sunday, December 30, 2018

Also Sprach Aitchison

Filed under: General — Tags: — m759 @ 2:48 PM

The New Yorker  reviewing "Bumblebee"

"There is one reliable source for superhero sublimity,
and it’s all the more surprising that it’s a franchise with
no sacred inspiration whatsoever but, rather, of purely
and unabashedly mercantile origins: the 'Transformers'
series, based on a set of toys, in which Michael Bay’s
exhilarating filmmaking offers phantasmagorical textures
of an uncanny unconscious resonance."

— Richard Brody on December 29, 2018

"Before time began, there was the Cube."

— Optimus Prime

Iain Aitchison on symmetric generation of M24

Some backstory — A Riddle for Davos,  Jan. 22, 2014.

Sunday, December 9, 2018

Quaternions in a Small Space

Filed under: G-Notes,General,Geometry — Tags: , — m759 @ 2:00 PM

The previous post, on the 3×3 square in ancient China,
suggests a review of group actions on that square
that include the quaternion group.

Click to enlarge

Three links from the above finitegeometry.org webpage on the
quaternion group —

Related material —

Iain Aitchison on the 'symmetric generation' of R. T. Curtis

See as well the two Log24 posts of December 1st, 2018 —

Character and In Memoriam.

Friday, December 7, 2018

An Ark for Hanukkah

Filed under: General — Tags: , — m759 @ 11:01 AM

From religionnews.com

"The word 'Hanukkah' means dedication.
It commemorates the rededicating of the
ancient Temple in Jerusalem in 165 B.C. . . . ."

From The New York Times  this morning —

Related material —

From this  journal on Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Megan Fox in "Transformers" (2007) —

From a Google image search this morning —

The image search was suggested by recent posts tagged Aitchison
and by this morning's previous post.

Thursday, December 6, 2018

The Mathieu Cube of Iain Aitchison

Filed under: General — Tags: — m759 @ 12:00 PM

This journal ten years ago today —

Surprise Package

Santa and a cube

From a talk by a Melbourne mathematician on March 9, 2018 —

The Mathieu group cube of Iain Aitchison (2018, Hiroshima)

The source — Talk II below —

Search Results

pdf of talk I  (March 8, 2018)


Iain Aitchison. Hiroshima  University March 2018 … Immediate: Talk given last year at Hiroshima  (originally Caltech 2010).

pdf of talk II  (March 9, 2018)  (with model for M24)


Iain Aitchison. Hiroshima  University March 2018. (IRA: Hiroshima  03-2018). Highly symmetric objects II.



Iain AITCHISON  Title: Construction of highly symmetric Riemann surfaces , related manifolds, and some exceptional objects, I, II Abstract: Since antiquity, some …

Related material — 

The 56 triangles of  the eightfold cube . . .

‚ÄčThe Eightfold Cube: The Beauty of Klein's Simple Group

   Image from Christmas Day 2005.

Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Caesarian (continued)

Filed under: General — Tags: — m759 @ 1:00 AM

Later editions of a book first published on New Year's Day 2002
by Bantam in Australia —

Tuesday, December 4, 2018

Melbourne Noir

Filed under: G-Notes,General,Geometry — Tags: — m759 @ 11:30 AM

 March 8, 2018, was the date of death for Melbourne author Peter Temple.

Monday, December 3, 2018

The Relativity Problem at Hiroshima

Filed under: G-Notes,General,Geometry — Tags: — m759 @ 6:21 PM

“This is the relativity problem:  to fix objectively a class of
equivalent coordinatizations and to ascertain the group of
transformations S mediating between them.”

— Hermann Weyl, The Classical Groups ,
Princeton University Press, 1946, p. 16

Iain Aitchison's 'dice-labelled' cuboctahedron at Hiroshima, March 2018

See also Relativity Problem and Diamonds and Whirls.

Sunday, December 2, 2018

Symmetric Generation …

Filed under: G-Notes,General,Geometry — Tags: — m759 @ 12:00 PM

Continued .   See as well a Log24 search for "Symmetric Generation."

Iain Aitchison on symmetric generation of M24

Iain Aitchison on symmetric generation of M24

Update of 2 PM ET —

Symmetry at Hiroshima

Filed under: G-Notes,General,Geometry — Tags: — m759 @ 6:43 AM

A search this morning for articles mentioning the Miracle Octad Generator
of R. T. Curtis within the last year yielded an abstract for two talks given
at Hiroshima on March 8 and 9, 2018




Construction of highly symmetric Riemann surfaces, related manifolds, and some exceptional objects, I, II


Since antiquity, some mathematical objects have played a special role, underpinning new mathematics as understanding deepened. Perhaps archetypal are the Platonic polyhedra, subsequently related to Platonic idealism, and the contentious notion of existence of mathematical reality independent of human consciousness.

Exceptional or unique objects are often associated with symmetry – manifest or hidden. In topology and geometry, we have natural base points for the moduli spaces of closed genus 2 and 3 surfaces (arising from the 2-fold branched cover of the sphere over the 6 vertices of the octahedron, and Klein's quartic curve, respectively), and Bring's genus 4 curve arises in Klein's description of the solution of polynomial equations of degree greater than 4, as well as in the construction of the Horrocks-Mumford bundle. Poincare's homology 3-sphere, and Kummer's surface in real dimension 4 also play special roles.

In other areas: we have the exceptional Lie algebras such as E8; the sporadic finite simple groups; the division algebras: Golay's binary and ternary codes; the Steiner triple systems S(5,6,12) and S(5,8,24); the Leech lattice; the outer automorphisms of the symmetric group S6; the triality map in dimension 8; and so on. We also note such as: the 27 lines on a cubic, the 28 bitangents of a quartic curve, the 120 tritangents of a sextic curve, and so on, related to Galois' exceptional finite groups PSL2(p) (for p= 5,7,11), and various other so-called `Arnol'd Trinities'.

Motivated originally by the `Eightfold Way' sculpture at MSRI in Berkeley, we discuss inter-relationships between a selection of these objects, illustrating connections arising via highly symmetric Riemann surface patterns. These are constructed starting with a labeled polygon and an involution on its label set.

Necessarily, in two lectures, we will neither delve deeply into, nor describe in full, contexts within which exceptional objects arise. We will, however, give sufficient definition and detail to illustrate essential inter-connectedness of those exceptional objects considered.

Our starting point will be simplistic, arising from ancient Greek ideas underlying atomism, and Plato's concepts of space. There will be some overlap with a previous talk on this material, but we will illustrate with some different examples, and from a different philosophical perspective.

Some new results arising from this work will also be given, such as an alternative graphic-illustrated MOG (Miracle Octad Generator) for the Steiner system S(5,8,24), and an alternative to Singerman – Jones' genus 70 Riemann surface previously proposed as a completion of an Arnol'd Trinity. Our alternative candidate also completes a Trinity whose two other elements are Thurston's highly symmetric 6- and 8-component links, the latter related by Thurston to Klein's quartic curve.

See also yesterday morning's post, "Character."

Update: For a followup, see the next  Log24 post.

Saturday, December 1, 2018


Filed under: General — Tags: — m759 @ 11:00 AM

"What we do may be small, but it has
a certain character of permanence."

— G. H. Hardy,
A Mathematician's Apology

Monday, November 10, 2014

Narrative Line

Filed under: General,Geometry — Tags: , , — m759 @ 11:02 PM

"We live entirely, especially if we are writers, by the imposition
of a narrative line upon 
disparate images…." — Joan Didion

Narrative Line:

IMAGE- R. D. Carmichael's 1931 construction of the Steiner system S(5, 8, 24)

IMAGE- Harvard senior Jeremy Booher in 2010 discusses Carmichael's 1931 construction of S(5, 8, 24) without mentioning Carmichael.

Disparate images:


Can the above narrative line be imposed in any sensible way
upon the above disparate images?

Sunday, October 6, 2013

Church with Josefine*

Filed under: General — Tags: , — m759 @ 10:10 AM

(Continued from last Sunday)

IMAGE- 'Permutahedron of Opposites'-- 24 graphic patterns arranged in space as 12 pairs of opposites

For some background, see Permutahedron in this journal.

See also…

* Jews may prefer to retitle this post "Sunday Shul with Josefine"
and stage it as a SNL sketch, "Norwegian Disco," with
The Sunshine Girls. (For the Norwegian part, see Kristen Wiig,
of Norwegian ancestry. For the disco part, see Amy Adams,
who stars in a new disco-era movie.)

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