Friday, January 5, 2018


Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: — m759 @ 9:45 PM

Wikipedia — "Tamagawa's doctoral students included 
Doris Schattschneider and Audrey Terras."

See also Schattschneider and Terras in this  journal.

Subway Art for Plato’s Ghost

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , — m759 @ 9:00 PM

Suggested by the previous post

See also the post Plato's Ghost of March 3, 2010.

Subway Art Continues

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: — m759 @ 12:00 PM

Subway art related to an event of January 3, 2018

Monday, November 7, 2016

Subway Art for Times Square Church

Filed under: Uncategorized — m759 @ 9:11 PM 

Click images for related material.


Types of Ambiguity

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , — m759 @ 2:56 AM

From "The Principle of Sufficient Reason," by George David Birkhoff
in "Three Public Lectures on Scientific Subjects,"
delivered at the Rice Institute, March 6, 7, and 8, 1940 —

From the same lecture —

Up to the present point my aim has been to consider a variety of applications of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, without attempting any precise formulation of the Principle itself. With these applications in mind I will venture to formulate the Principle and a related Heuristic Conjecture in quasi-mathematical form as follows:

PRINCIPLE OF SUFFICIENT REASON. If there appears in any theory T a set of ambiguously  determined ( i e . symmetrically entering) variables, then these variables can themselves be determined only to the extent allowed by the corresponding group G. Consequently any problem concerning these variables which has a uniquely determined solution, must itself be formulated so as to be unchanged by the operations of the group G ( i e . must involve the variables symmetrically).

HEURISTIC CONJECTURE. The final form of any scientific theory T is: (1) based on a few simple postulates; and (2) contains an extensive ambiguity, associated symmetry, and underlying group G, in such wise that, if the language and laws of the theory of groups be taken for granted, the whole theory T appears as nearly self-evident in virtue of the above Principle.

The Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Heuristic Conjecture, as just formulated, have the advantage of not involving excessively subjective ideas, while at the same time retaining the essential kernel of the matter.

In my opinion it is essentially this principle and this conjecture which are destined always to operate as the basic criteria for the scientist in extending our knowledge and understanding of the world.

It is also my belief that, in so far as there is anything definite in the realm of Metaphysics, it will consist in further applications of the same general type. This general conclusion may be given the following suggestive symbolic form:

Image-- Birkhoff diagram relating Galois's theory of ambiguity to metaphysics

While the skillful metaphysical use of the Principle must always be regarded as of dubious logical status, nevertheless I believe it will remain the most important weapon of the philosopher.

Related remarks by a founding member of the Metaphysical Club:

See also the previous post, "Seven Types of Interality."

Seven Types of Interality*

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , — m759 @ 1:00 AM

* See the term interality  in this journal.
For many synonyms, see 
"The Human Seriousness of Interality,"
by Peter Zhang, Grand Valley State University,
China Media Research  11(2), 2015, 93-103.

Thursday, January 4, 2018

Perspectives from a Chinese Jar

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , — m759 @ 4:40 PM

" . . . Only by the form, the pattern,
Can words or music reach
The stillness, as a Chinese jar still
Moves perpetually in its stillness."

— T. S. Eliot, Four Quartets

"The Grand Valley spirit never dies."

— Adapted from the Tao Te Ching

For T. S. Eliot

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: — m759 @ 5:01 AM

“I need a photo opportunity, I want a shot at redemption.
 Don’t want to end up a cartoon in a cartoon graveyard.”

 — Paul Simon

For a Cartoon Graveyard

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , — m759 @ 4:56 AM

“… the horizon is not the limit of meaning,
but that which extends meaning
from what is directly given
to the whole context in which it is given,
including a sense of a world.”

— David Vessey,
Gadamer and the Fusion of Horizons

(Quoted here on Saturday, June 4, 2005.)

Powered by WordPress